In the study the author of this article coins of the USSR in 2012 and discussions on the forums and in the numismatic groups in the social.networks, it was observed that many novice collectors are faced with a lack of understanding of such concepts as safety and quality of commemorative coins of the Soviet Union. For example many call the term when UNC all coins, but if we look at the price tag, for example "Taganskaya", we see that for some reason in front of some commemorative coins USSR is the abbreviation UNC. Why the author tries to explain intelligibly.Here and below we will talk about the quality of the coinage, and not about the safety.
The main confusion is due to what collectors term UNC called and safety, and the technology of coinage. In this article AC — the coinage, UNC — preservation.
As you can read from other articles site Russian Money, commemorative coins of the USSR was produced in two versions— this is ATS
Coins quality UNC(uncirculated), have a uniform matte(or mirror) the surface of the soil and topography. Produced in three versions: 1. Uncirculated coins for circulation
— ATS(O). It is also possible to find such abbreviations collectors: "Normal", "normal UNC". These coins were minted ordinary stamps on ordinary blanks in automatic mode, got into the storage bin and then strode down the banking bags for shipping. In the process, minting coins at impact each other in the bunker, and when transporting it in bags got serifs, kotska. Such coins are even out of the bag referring to safety UNC is not true, for data of acceptable coins the term AU or AUNC. All commemorative coins of copper-Nickel alloy in addition to a set of the Olympic games in Barcelona was made.
Such coins can be found in the articles of this website.2. Uncirculated improved
for distribution among the collectors of ATS(Y). You can find such abbreviations:"UNC improved" or just "AC" . These coins were minted regular stamps as the treatment improved the condition achieved by manual lifting minted coins with minting press and placing it in a protective shell. Thus in contrast to maskovich coins(ATS(On)) on the coins of ATS(Y) absent technological scratches due to collision of the coin against each other in throwing in cumulative capacity and packaging in the banking bags. Such coins the proper storage and integrity of the seal match intact UNC. If any collector will pull out of the sealing coin of ATS(Y) and suppose, for example, in a pocket a trifle, then after a while it will be difficult to distinguish what was the coin originally AC(O) or ATS(Y), because the stamps are not fundamentally different. Here I would like to make one note: sealing does not guarantee that the coin scratch, the human factor in the minting of coins has not been canceled — the author had a chance to get a coin with an intact seal, but to scratch, apparently the scratch was obtained in the packing in sealing coins in the LMD.
Coins of ATS(Y) minted by Leningrad mint(LMD). However, not all coins issued as ATS(O), duplicated in this capacity. Below is the list of coins of ATS(Y), and discussed in detail some coins superior quality photos.3. Brilliant uncirculated coins
for distribution among the collectors —BAM(alternative designation - BU). Such coins differ from AC(Y) a special preparation of the stamps, so the coins have a smooth shiny(almost mirror) the surface of the field and the relief, sharp lines of drawings and letters. Coins quality BATS are also Packed in protective film(sealing machine). In many price tags and BAM, â(Y) are referred to as UNC. Sometimes this type of quality mistakenly referred to as proof-like.
Minted coins BAM with the exception of "Lenin-100" for MMD in the 90-91gg. Below is a list of the coins improved quality BANG, and will study some coins with photos.
Coins of improved quality.
Coins quality PROOF-LIKE
. These coins have a smooth mirror surface and frosted relief. Minted with a special technology - "technology proof" on polished blanks with rubber stamps with polished end surfaces and matte recesses. But when the minting of copper-Nickel coins, such technology is not always respected, so actually these coins are not PROOF quality, although referred to among collectors as a PROOF. Below is an example of the coin quality proof-like(proof) "Young Russia" since the author has no Soviet proof. You can see the mirror field and sharply contrasting with frosted relief. These coins differ significantly from the coins qualities AC's appearance, so the author did not consider it necessary to consider them in detail(a detailed article on the proof is on this website).
A list of coins with improved quality of ATS(Y):
3 rouble Proof-like(proof) the Liberation of Koenigsberg
1. 1 ruble 20 years of Victory in 1965, LMD. Packaged, not sealed and in a paper envelope LMD with valve. Compared to the later coins of this quality are not always successful preservation because of storage in unsealed envelope(see photo).
1 ruble UNC(U) XX years of Victory in the envelope
2. Set 50 years VOSR 1P, 50 COP., 20kop., 15коп. and 10 kopeks 1967. These coins were distributed in the set of LMD. Sets are of two types: red and yellow liner
Anniversary set 1967 with yellow liner
3. 1 ruble 60 years VOSR 1977, LMD. Packed in a sealed or in plastic containers of two types: with Russian and English text, and in the latter case, the liner is written "prooflike". 1 ruble 60 years VOSR ATS(u) in contrast to ATS(o) has a more glossy surface.
1 ruble UNC(U) 60 years of Soviet Power in the plastic planchette
4. A set of Olympics-80 in Moscow(6 coins 1 rouble). These coins were distributed in the set of LMD in plastic container or in individual sealed. There is an opinion that these coins were minted exhaust after the minting of the proof stamps, which explains the presence of the partially mirrored surfaces and frosted relief.
1 ruble UNC(Y) the Emblem of the Olympic games-80
5. 1 ruble USSR Marshal G. K. Zhukov 1990. LMD. Packaged in a seal. The photo shows the bugs in the sealing and the same coin, drawn by the author from sealing. We see a complete absence of any technological scratches on the coin of ATS(Y), as on the coin do not exist kotska and scuffs from storage and transport in Bank bags. The coin has a frosted field and a pattern that matches the quality of the coinage of ATS(Y).
1 ruble UNC(U) GK Zhukov, the sealing
1 ruble UNC(U) GK Zhukov
6. 1rubl Francis Skaryna 1990. LMD. Packaged in a seal.
7. 5 roubles Matenadaran 1990. LMD. Packaged in a seal.
8. 5 roubles 1990 Uspenski Cathedral. LMD. Packaged in a seal.
9. 5 rubles a Large Palace in Peterhof 1990. LMD. Packaged in a seal.
10. 1 ruble 1991 Ivanov. LMD. Packaged in a seal.
11. 3 ruble 50 years of the defeat of Nazi troops near Moscow, 1991. LMD. Packaged in a seal.
12. 5 roubles 1991 State Bank. LMD. Packaged in a seal.
13. 5 rubles Monument to David of Sasun 1991. LMD. Packaged in a seal.
14. 5 rubles 1991 markhor. and 5 roubles Fish owl, 1991. LMD. Circulation in 50 thousand.PCs. the quality of ATS(Y). The coins were Packed in seal plastic boxes and were distributed with an attached certificate.A list of coins with improved quality BAM:
1. 1 ruble 100 year anniversary of Lenin's birth 1970, LMD. Packaged in a box with two coins, but there are instances in the sealing. When you purchase a ruble in the sealing be aware that unscrupulous sellers often placed in a hand-made bag sealing coin, i.e. a coin of ATS(O), native to sealing has a number of features.
The ruble Lenin 100 superior quality BAM differs from the ATS(o) the presence of a glossy, almost mirror-like surface of a 30 years of Victory BANG.
BAM 1 ruble Lenin 100
2. 1 rouble XXX years of Victory 1975, LMD. Packaged in sealed plastic boxes or blue and green(see photo).
1 ruble BANG XXX years of Victory in the plastic planchette
3. 1 rouble 1990 Anton Chekhov. MMD. Packaged in a seal.
4. 1 ruble P. I. Tchaikovsky 1990. MMD. Packaged in a seal.
5. 1 rouble Janis Rainis 1990. MMD. Packaged in a seal.
6. 1 ruble P. N. Lebedev 1991. MMD. Packaged in a seal.
7. 1 ruble Makhtumkuli 1991. MMD. Packaged in a seal. The photo shows a ruble, extracted by the author from sealing. We see that the coin is not very familiar to the ATS type — brilliant almost mirror field and pattern. All kinds of kotska and there are no scratches. The usual bright Shine of stamp as on the coins of ATS(Y) or miscovich ATS(O) may not be.
1 ruble Makhtumkuli BANG
8. 1 ruble 1991 Nizami Ganjavi. MMD. Packaged in a seal. The photo shows a ruble is extracted from the sealing machine and the ruble ATS(O) is the so-called Meshkova sound.
1 ruble BANG Nizami Ganjavi
1 ruble ATS(O) of Nizami Ganjavi
To open the seal or not open — this is a personal matter collector. If you plan to resale then it is better not to open. If something is better to gently shift into a square or round capsule, because sealing krupchitsy and may have small cracks, will be passing through the air unevenly, and oxidizing the coin. Yes, and look of the coins through the broken-up seal is not presentable. Do not forget that the home sealing is primarily transport packaging. To buy coins for personal collection preferably without sealing good photos especially in proof quality.
When writing the article were used materials of the Catalogue of jubilee and commemorative coins of the USSR copper-Nickel alloy authors A. N. Shirokova. and Zolotarev, M. I. and discussions on the forum CFN.