The ruble was known in Russia since the end of XIII century, then, the word began to call silver ingot, which was cut into pieces for making small payments. Large payments were made in whole bars. Later, with the advent of coins, for several centuries, the ruble became the counting unit, and the first proof coins of this dignity appeared only with Alexis. His son, Peter finally introduces into circulation a coin ruble-esteem. Thus, the coin ruble recently celebrated its 300-year anniversary, and the term "ruble" there are at least 750 years. For a long time before Peter the great's reforms, the basis of monetary circulation was a penny and Deng (polkopeyki) in them and expressed the payments. By the way, the penny as a coin has been known for almost 500 years.
The symbol of the Russian ruble
Many world currencies have their own symbols, such as the dollars of many countries are denoted by the symbol $, the Mexican peso has the same sign, but two sticks instead of one. Euro currency sign - €, the South Korean won ₩, British pound - GBP, Ukrainian hryvnia - ₴. If You do not see these symbols or visible squares, so obsolete operating system of your computer. In the Russian Empire at one time the ruble was designated in the records of abbreviation, formed from two handwritten letters "P" and "U", but to use this sign in a print font and in electronic devices is inconvenient due to the complex shapes and large size.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union the iron curtain disappears, the ruble begins to be quoted on the exchanges involved in the currency exchange rates. At this time there are Belarusian and the Transnistrian ruble, therefore, to refer to the Russian currency is now necessary to apply the phrase "Russian ruble". There were other ruble in the former Soviet Union, which then replaced the proper names of: Tajik, Latvian, Georgian ruble.
For a long time the Russian ruble was designated by the acronym "RUB" or "RV". In the 1990s in exchange offices you can find a variety of designations, among which the most often was "RR" and "RR". There are common codes ISO: RUR – up to 1998, RUB – since 1998.
The search for a symbol began in the ' 90s, but initially, they were conducted informally, including the well-known magazines. It was invented more than a thousand variants, but to a common opinion did not come, the more the Central Bank still wasn't ready to be approved character. In 2006 is the fourth major competition from RIA "news", where volunteers are sent about 300 works. The organizers chose the ten best and handed them over to the government of the Central Bank for consideration. In 2007 comes the amendment to the law on the Central Bank, highlighting the possibility of choosing the symbol of the ruble, the Bank's management at its discretion.
It is treated very seriously and put forward a number of requirements:- must be an integer, an easily recognizable character;
- unlike existing letters of the alphabets of the world and used signs and images;
- ease of play;
- deep semantic content;
- when writing in very small print part of the sign shall not merge;
- the size should be no more than the middle letters of the Russian alphabet;
- any stylized font;
- the perception of a mark by foreigners who are familiar only with the Latin alphabet, do not know the Cyrillic alphabet.
Options-finalists proposed by the Central Bank
In 2007, one of the symbols selected by the Central Bank was Alexander Vladimirovich. Tarbeeva (artist computer fonts) became actively pursued in several design studios. Perhaps this influenced the subsequent choice of this symbol. Authorship tarbeeva is controversial because of was based on similar characters, the proposed contests earlier.
Commemorative coin with the symbol of the ruble (the author of the photo - lazer10)
From 5 November to 5 December 2013 is conducted online survey, organized by the Bank of Russia, which was open to anyone. Were asked to choose one of 5 characters and comment my choice. It was claimed that each sign is made up of several variants on the basis of numerous proposals. It was possible to vote against all. The vote was anonymous, so the accuracy of the survey is questionable. Was attended by a total of 280 thousand respondents, the first place received the sign tarbeeva representing the letter "P" with a horizontal line in the middle. He gained 61% of votes.
The Central Bank reported that the selection took into account more views than the voice. A voice without comments not considered. The results of independent polls show similar results, that is, public opinion was taken into account. 11 Dec 2013 the character was approved and to come out next year commemorative coins with its symbol, minted just for the occasion of the adoption of the sign of the Russian ruble. Commemorative ruble was no different from usual, but instead of the number "1" the value indicated new character. The circulation of this coin amounted to 100 million units, which is comparable with a coin in honor of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Lenin, minted in 1970. Further out, collectible silver coins quality proof and UNC capsules. In 2015, the symbol appears on the 100-ruble banknote "Crimea/Sevastopol", where its repetition can be seen inside a number representing the value (on the side of the Sevastopol sights).
The symbol of the ruble on the banknote 100 rubles Crimea
The symbol of the Russian ruble was not unanimously accepted by the population, its many considered failure, or similar to other signs existing at any time in history. But the majority approved it, and willingly began to use in various texts. But on older versions of the operating systems of computers, smartphones and other devices still is the sign is only visible to the square.
Rubles Transnistria also got a symbol, and the year before the Russian. It is similar to one of the options-finalists, however, has italic. The Belarusian ruble has not yet received symbol and to define actively use the abbreviation Br.