Russian money

    The Money Of Ancient Russia

The Grand Duchy of Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod

Almost all Russian treasures, Dating from the XII - first half of XIV centuries, are composed exclusively of bars of silver of different shapes. This allows to make a conclusion about the absence in this period of circulation of coins in large areas of Russia. Silver then came probably from Europe, and then melted down into ingots.
It was during this period, called "Coinless", the feudal disunity, and the various principalities were made ingots of a certain shape and weight. In the South, the ingot was hexagonal and weighed about 164 grams (called "Kiev hryvnia") in the North - a wand length of about 20 cm and a weight of 196 grams (called "Novgorod hryvnia"). Also in the treasure meet "Lithuanian hryvnia", repeating the shape of Novgorod, but different weight. In addition, significantly less likely to get "Chernihiv", "Volga" and others of the hryvnia. The word "hryvnia" - old Slavonic, meaning a decoration worn around the neck (later - a measure of weight).
At the end of the XIII century in Novgorod ingots reduced sample, but the size and weight are saved. The development of trade leads to division of hryvnia into two parts ("poltinas"). Perhaps it was then and there the word "ruble". There is no exact information, whether shared bars in more parts (across clades only poltinas).
In Coinless period is widely used and various substitutes for money - animal skins, cowrie shells and more.

Kiev hryvnia-bars  
Lithuanian hryvnia  
Novgorod coins-bullion  
Other  

The coins presented in the photos are in the collections of their owners and are not sold

Kiev hryvnia-bars



Kiev (South) hryvnia
Kiev (South) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: X-XII centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~164 g
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Киевская (южная) гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: X-XII centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~164 g
Standart diameter: 75х35 mm


Kiev (South) hryvnia
Kiev (South) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XI-XIII centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~164 g
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Киевская (южная) гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XI-XIII centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~164 g
Standart diameter: 75х35 mm


Kiev (South) hryvnia
Kiev (South) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XI-XIII century
Standard weight: ~164 g
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Киевская (южная) гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XI-XIII century
Standard weight: ~164 g
Standart diameter:


Kiev (South) hryvnia
Kiev (South) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII centurycentury.
Weight: см. описание
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Киевские (южные) гривны
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII centurycentury.
Weight: см. описание
Standart diameter:


Kiev hryvnia North weight
Kiev hryvnia North weight
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XI-XIII centurycentury.
Weight: 209,4 g
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Киевская гривна северного веса
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XI-XIII centurycentury.
Weight: 209,4 g
Standart diameter:

Lithuanian hryvnia



Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 105,29 g
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Литовская (западнорусская) гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 105,29 g
Standart diameter:


Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 106,31 g
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Литовская (западнорусская) гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 106,31 g
Standart diameter:


Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 98,43 g
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Литовская (западнорусская) гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 98,43 g
Standart diameter:


Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century
Standard weight: ~105 g
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Литовская (западнорусская) гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century
Standard weight: ~105 g
Standart diameter:


Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Lithuanian (Ruthenian) hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century
Weight: 106,22 g (слева), 103,17 g (справа)
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Литовская (западнорусская) гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century
Weight: 106,22 g (слева), 103,17 g (справа)
Standart diameter:

Novgorod coins-bullion



Novgorod hryvnia
Novgorod hryvnia
Nominal: 15 new hryvnia kun
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196 g
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Новгородские гривны
Nominal: 15 new hryvnia kun
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod grivna
Novgorod grivna
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII century
Standard weight: ~196 g
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Новгородская гривна
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII century
Standard weight: ~196 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod grivna
Novgorod grivna
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196 g
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Новгородская гривна
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod grivna
Novgorod grivna
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century
Weight: 193,79 g
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Новгородская гривна
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century
Weight: 193,79 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod grivna with the stigma
Novgorod grivna with the stigma
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century
Standard weight: ~196 g
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Новгородская гривна с клеймом
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century
Standard weight: ~196 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod grivna with notches
Novgorod grivna with notches
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century.
Weight: 200,93 g
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Новгородская гривна с насечками
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII century.
Weight: 200,93 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod grivna with the stigma
Novgorod grivna with the stigma
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: Конец XIII - XIV centurycentury.
Weight: 201,18 g
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Новгородская гривна с клеймом
Nominal: 15 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: Конец XIII - XIV centurycentury.
Weight: 201,18 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod Brokeback national currency (the ruble)
Novgorod Brokeback national currency (the ruble)
Nominal: 13 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 192,03 g
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Новгородская горбатая гривна (рубль)
Nominal: 13 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 192,03 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod Brokeback national currency (the ruble)
Novgorod Brokeback national currency (the ruble)
Nominal: 13 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: конец XIII - XIV century
Standard weight: ~192 g
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Новгородская горбатая гривна (рубль)
Nominal: 13 hryvnia kun new
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: конец XIII - XIV century
Standard weight: ~192 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod poltinas
Novgorod poltinas
Nominal: 1/2 ruble
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV century
Standard weight: ~100 g
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Новгородские полтины
Nominal: 1/2 ruble
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV century
Standard weight: ~100 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod poltinas
Novgorod poltinas
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV century
Weight: ~70-120 g
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Новгородские полтины
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV century
Weight: ~70-120 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod poltinas with scenes
Novgorod poltinas with scenes
Nominal: 1/2 ruble
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Standard weight: ~100 g
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Новгородские полтины с клеймами
Nominal: 1/2 ruble
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Standard weight: ~100 g
Standart diameter:


Novgorod poltinas with scenes
Novgorod poltinas with scenes
Nominal: 1/2 ruble
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV - нач. XV centurycentury.
Weight: 94,18 g; 94,13 g
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Новгородские полтины с клеймами
Nominal: 1/2 ruble
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV - нач. XV centurycentury.
Weight: 94,18 g; 94,13 g
Standart diameter:

Other



Chernihiv hryvnia
Chernihiv hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII centurycentury.
Weight: 197,68 g
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Черниговская гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII centurycentury.
Weight: 197,68 g
Standart diameter:


Chernihiv hryvnia
Chernihiv hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: кон. XIII centuryа
Standard weight: ~196,2 g
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Черниговская гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: кон. XIII centuryа
Standard weight: ~196,2 g
Standart diameter: 80х35 mm


Chernihiv hryvnia
Chernihiv hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196,2 g
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Черниговские гривны
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196,2 g
Standart diameter: ~80х35 mm


Chernihiv hryvnia
Chernihiv hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196,2 g
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Черниговские гривны
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIII-XIV centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196,2 g
Standart diameter: ~80х35 mm


Novgorod and Chernihiv hryvnia
Novgorod and Chernihiv hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196 g каждый
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Новгородская и черниговская гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIII centurycentury.
Standard weight: ~196 g каждый
Standart diameter:


The Volga (Tatar) the hryvnia's the scaphoid
The Volga (Tatar) the hryvnia's the scaphoid
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 199,89 g
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Волжская (татарская) ладьеобразная гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 199,89 g
Standart diameter:


The Volga (Tatar) the hryvnia's the scaphoid
The Volga (Tatar) the hryvnia's the scaphoid
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 205,76 g
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Волжская (татарская) ладьеобразная гривна
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Weight: 205,76 g
Standart diameter:


The Volga (Tatar) of the hryvnia's the scaphoid
The Volga (Tatar) of the hryvnia's the scaphoid
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Standard weight: ~200 g
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Волжские (татарские) ладьеобразные гривны
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Standard weight: ~200 g
Standart diameter:


Gold ingot
Gold ingot
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Gold
Period of issue: середина XI century.
Weight: 94,71 g
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Золотой слиток
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Gold
Period of issue: середина XI century.
Weight: 94,71 g
Standart diameter:


Silver bullion
Silver bullion
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Gold
Period of issue: X-XI centurycentury.
Weight: 148,99 g
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Серебряный слиток
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Gold
Period of issue: X-XI centurycentury.
Weight: 148,99 g
Standart diameter:


Treasure trove of ancient hryvnia
Treasure trove of ancient hryvnia
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIV centurycentury.
Standard weight: по 160-204 g каждая
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Клад древнерусских гривен
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XII-XIV centurycentury.
Standard weight: по 160-204 g каждая
Standart diameter:


Hoard of coins of the Golden Horde and Novgorod poltina
Hoard of coins of the Golden Horde and Novgorod poltina
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Standard weight:
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Клад монет Золотой Орды и новгородских полтин
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: Silver
Period of issue: XIV century
Standard weight:
Standart diameter:


Cowrie shells
Cowrie shells
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: -----
Period of issue: XI-XII centurycentury.
Standard weight:
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Раковины каури
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: -----
Period of issue: XI-XII centurycentury.
Standard weight:
Standart diameter:


Cowrie shells (example)
Cowrie shells (example)
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: -----
Period of issue: XX century
Standard weight:
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Раковины каури (пример)
Nominal:
Year:
Metal: -----
Period of issue: XX century
Standard weight:
Standart diameter:


    Other period coins
    The Money Of Ancient Russia

    The Grand Duchy of Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod

Translated from the russian language service "Yandex.Translator» - translate.yandex.ru

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