The heir was supposed to be the older brother of Alexander I, Constantine, who in 1820 announced his intention to abdicate in favor of his younger brother Nicholas. Nicholas learned about it only a few days after the death of his brother, having already to swear allegiance to Constantine. In this period of interregnum there have been several instances of trial ended with the portrait of Constantine, which is now considered a numismatic rarity.
Taking advantage of the confusion of the interregnum, the Decembrists organized a rebellion against autocracy, but the revolution was the same day suppressed. Under Nicholas I continued the war with Persia and Turkey, the Crimean war began. The first railway in Russia, and in 1851 built the road from St. Petersburg to Moscow.
From 1839 to 1843, under the leadership of E. F. Kankrin was held a currency reform, in which the basic unit was the silver rouble, the rest of the coins and paper money had to be secondary means of payment. For a gradual transition to the new system, until 1848 the denomination copper coins were marked in silver, and the foot was lowered to 16 rubles to the pood. Then weight is reduced in 3 times and change begin to have only a nominal value.
Translated from the russian language service "Yandex.Translator» - translate.yandex.ru
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