Russian money

Russian Principality of XIV-XVI centuries (except for Moscow and Tver)

In Russia in the period of disunity existed more than ten Grand Duchies, many of them minted their own coins. Gradual transition areas in the Moscow and Tver principalities affected minted coins (appeared other names of the princes), in some cities, the coinage generally was suspended.


The coins presented in the photos are in the collections of their owners and are not sold

The Novgorod Republic
The Novgorod Republic

The largest public education on the territory of Ancient Rus during the disintegration. Appeared in 1136 after the overthrow of the local Prince, subordinate to Kiev. The Republic was led by the chamber, consisting of noble boyars. The chamber was appointed the Prince, to enact new laws, etc. To some extent it was a precondition of the current democratic system.
In the period of maximum development of the territory of the Republic reached in the North to the White sea and in the East extended beyond the Ural mountains.
The beginning of coinage in Novgorod coins are referred to 1420, prior to that were widely used currency-bullion. Gradually in Novgorod formed a special type of coin, weight norm which was close to 0.8 g. Later, under Ivan the terrible, they will be called "Novgorodka" and then a penny.
In this section of the Novgorod coins are divided in accordance with the catalogue of A. V. Oreshnikov to two parts: before 1456 (early dependence on Moscow), and after. Although some other sources of spend division in 1478, when the Republic became part of the Moscow Principality.
The largest public education on the territory of Ancient Rus during the disintegration. Appeared in 1136 after the overthrow of the local Prince, subordinate to Kiev. The Republic was led by the chamber, consisting of noble boyars. The chamber was appoint... (read more)


Grand Duchy of Ryazan
Grand Duchy of Ryazan

Ryazan Principality was allocated in the XII century from Chernigov and was originally called the Murom-Ryazan. Then the capital was moved to Ryazan, and the ruler received the title of Grand Duke. The territory was occupied by South-Eastern Russia (roughly modern Ryazan oblast). The Principality lasted until 1521, then became part of Moscow.
Originally Ryazan coins were considered rare, but later it was found many treasures, which allows to make a conclusion about large scale coinage. Almost all Ryazan coins have the image of the Tamga - sign, resembling a sheep's head, and the inscription: "the seal of the Grand Duke". Judging by the weight, which is close to the Tatar coins, the money could pay tribute, but there is speculation about the local circulation.
Ryazan coins are divided into 4 parts: nudecan Tatar Tamga on the coin, pricecan Tatar coins with the addition of signs and the name of the Prince, own chasing Ivan on the weight norm of 0.9-1 g; and late coinage at the Moscow weight normal. On the last Tamga is missing.
Ryazan Principality was allocated in the XII century from Chernigov and was originally called the Murom-Ryazan. Then the capital was moved to Ryazan, and the ruler received the title of Grand Duke. The territory was occupied by South-Eastern Russia (rough... (read more)


The Grand Duchy of Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod
The Grand Duchy of Suzdal-Nizhny Novgorod

Formed in 1341 when combining Gorodets (selected from the Vladimir Principality) with Suzdal Principality. At first the capital was Suzdal, but then it was moved to Nizhny Novgorod. Now on the territory of the Principality are the Vladimir and Nizhny Novgorod region.
First Grand Duke of Nizhny Novgorod was Konstantin Vasilyevich, but the first coins began to be minted his successor Dmitry Konstantinovich.
Formed in 1341 when combining Gorodets (selected from the Vladimir Principality) with Suzdal Principality. At first the capital was Suzdal, but then it was moved to Nizhny Novgorod. Now on the territory of the Principality are the Vladimir and Nizhny Novg... (read more)


Pskov Republic
Pskov Republic

Initially, the Pskov and the surrounding area was part of Novgorod Republic, but gradually, the city regained independence, until in 1348 the Republic finally separated. The state system here was very similar to Novgorod (the main body Veche).
The beginning of coinage of the Pskov coins attributed to 1424. Most of them is portrait of Prince on the obverse, unusual for other old coins. Pskov coins can be divided into two parts: before the accession of the Principality of Moscow (1510) and after.
Initially, the Pskov and the surrounding area was part of Novgorod Republic, but gradually, the city regained independence, until in 1348 the Republic finally separated. The state system here was very similar to Novgorod (the main body Veche).
The ... (read more)


Torzhok (New bargain)
Torzhok (New bargain)

This small town located in the modern Tver region, was the major trading center of Ancient Russia. Located on the border of the Novgorod Republic and Tver Principality. Despite the fact that the city was subordinate to Novgorod, he had some autonomy and minted its own copper coins, it is now considered a rarity. Honestly coins are known until now only one type (bird), they all were minted shortly before 1478.
This small town located in the modern Tver region, was the major trading center of Ancient Russia. Located on the border of the Novgorod Republic and Tver Principality. Despite the fact that the city was subordinate to Novgorod, he had some autonomy and m... (read more)


Uncertain coins of the XIV-XV centuries.
Uncertain coins of the XIV-XV centuries.

Presented here is the silver coins of the XIV-XVI centuries do not have the seal of the Prince, also no Russian inscriptions. In appearance reminiscent of the Tatar, but with Arabic legends. Most likely the coins were used to pay tribute to the Tatars, although the exact evidence of this.
Presented here is the silver coins of the XIV-XVI centuries do not have the seal of the Prince, also no Russian inscriptions. In appearance reminiscent of the Tatar, but with Arabic legends. Most likely the coins were used to pay tribute to the Tatars, al... (read more)


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Translated from the russian language service "Yandex.Translator» - translate.yandex.ru

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