Russian money

Coins of the USSR

  
1921-1958 year  
1961-1991 year  
Commemorative and jubilee coins  
Other  
Related products of Goznak (kits, badges)  

The coins presented in the photos are in the collections of their owners and are not sold

1921-1958 year


Silver coins (1921-1931)
Silver coins (1921-1931)

In 1921, produced the first Soviet coin 10 kopeks to 1 ruble. Their weight is exactly the same weight of coins of Nicholas II, they were made of silver of the same standard, but the drawings were completely different. In 1924, the updated design, and in 1931, coins were replaced by cheaper copper-Nickel. Silver remained in circulation, but actually it settled among the population.
In 1921, produced the first Soviet coin 10 kopeks to 1 ruble. Their weight is exactly the same weight of coins of Nicholas II, they were made of silver of the same standard, but the drawings were completely different. In 1924, the updated design, and in 1... (read more)


Copper coins (1924-1928)
Copper coins (1924-1928)

From 1924 to 1925 was producing brass coins of low denomination, size and weight which repeated coin Royal sample. Among these issues are allocated a relatively rare species on the edge. The value polkopeyki was produced from 1925 to 1928, and then finally left to history. Since 1926, the values of 1 to 5 cents was replaced by a much smaller bronze coins, the figure has also changed.
From 1924 to 1925 was producing brass coins of low denomination, size and weight which repeated coin Royal sample. Among these issues are allocated a relatively rare species on the edge. The value polkopeyki was produced from 1925 to 1928, and then finall... (read more)


Bronze coins (1926-1957)
Bronze coins (1926-1957)

Bronze coins from 1 to 5 cents were issued from 1925 to 1958. In 1935, disappeared inscription "proletarians of ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE!", then changed several times AVERS due to changes in the number of strips on the arms. After the currency reform of 1961 bronze coins in denominations of 1, 2 and 3 pennies left in circulation (5 cents old model was exchanged at the rate of 1:10) and supplemented with new copper-zinc alloy of the same size and denominations.
Bronze coins from 1 to 5 cents were issued from 1925 to 1958. In 1935, disappeared inscription "proletarians of ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE!", then changed several times AVERS due to changes in the number of strips on the arms. After the currency reform of 1961 ... (read more)


Copper-Nickel coins (1931-1957)
Copper-Nickel coins (1931-1957)

In 1931, the silver coins were replaced with cheaper Nickel silver. The people calmly took this step because for several years there was stability in the economy and prices. 50 kopecks and 1 ruble were not minted, with only the denominations of 10, 15 and 20 cents. In 1935 he changed the design of coins, and in 1937, 1947 and 1957 to change the number of strips on the arms (11, 16, and 15). Since 1961, the coins were replaced with new exchange rate of 1:10.
In 1931, the silver coins were replaced with cheaper Nickel silver. The people calmly took this step because for several years there was stability in the economy and prices. 50 kopecks and 1 ruble were not minted, with only the denominations of 10, 15 and... (read more)


Coins of issue 1958
Coins of issue 1958

Initially, a monetary reform for the increase in the purchasing power of the ruble was planned in 1958, but due to economic difficulties, the exchange of old money for new carried out only in 1961. However, the mint prepared in time, and managed not only to design but also to produce a small batch of trial coins with the date "1958", including nevybocovala from the 1920s, 50 kopeks and ruble, as well as unprecedented values in 2, 3 and 5 rubles. New coins had significant differences from 1957, their appearance was largely the basis for the design of coins of the sample of 1961 (10, 15 and 20 cents, significantly increased the size of the digits of the date, the remaining differences are almost not visible). Of the major denominations in circulation went only the ruble. Coins with the date "1958" was included in the category of very rare and have become coveted for any collector.
Initially, a monetary reform for the increase in the purchasing power of the ruble was planned in 1958, but due to economic difficulties, the exchange of old money for new carried out only in 1961. However, the mint prepared in time, and managed not only ... (read more)



Coins of the sample of 1961 in denominations of 1, 2, 3 and 5 cents
Coins of the sample of 1961 in denominations of 1, 2, 3 and 5 cents

The monetary reform of 1961 introduced a new type of coins. Small values (1-5 cents) are made of copper-zinc alloy, retained the size and weight (the value corresponds to the number of grams), and the pattern was little changed. Coins were produced for 31 years, in 1991, under the emblem was the mint mark (there are rare variants without a sign, sometimes there is a sign for 5 cents 1990). Among the numerous varieties are distinguished the so-called "perepalki" - the coins issued on the blanks of another metal, or using a face stamp from another denomination (of similar size). Especially a lot of "pereputal" among the 3 cents.
The monetary reform of 1961 introduced a new type of coins. Small values (1-5 cents) are made of copper-zinc alloy, retained the size and weight (the value corresponds to the number of grams), and the pattern was little changed. Coins were produced for 31... (read more)


Coins of the sample of 1961 in denominations of 10, 15 and 20 kopecks
Coins of the sample of 1961 in denominations of 10, 15 and 20 kopecks

During the monetary reform of 1961 introduced new types of coins by advantage 10, 15 and 20 cents, the design of which was close to trial releases of 1958. They retained their size, but the reverse pattern has been heavily modified, changed and metal is Nickel silver began using German silver with a greenish tint. Coins were produced without changes until 1991. In 1991, the right of the coat of arms appeared the symbol of the mint. Among the numerous varieties are distinguished the so-called "perepalki" - the coins issued on the blanks of another metal, or using a face stamp from another denomination (of similar size). Especially a lot of "pereputal" among the 20 cents.
During the monetary reform of 1961 introduced new types of coins by advantage 10, 15 and 20 cents, the design of which was close to trial releases of 1958. They retained their size, but the reverse pattern has been heavily modified, changed and metal is N... (read more)


1961-1991 year

Coins of the sample of 1961 in denominations of 1 ruble and 50 kopecks
Coins of the sample of 1961 in denominations of 1 ruble and 50 kopecks

After the reform of 1961 the appeal was again the big coin - 50 kopeks and 1 ruble, abolished in the late 20's. Now they were made of copper-Nickel alloy (like 10, 15 and 20 cents). Coins 1961 have a smooth edge, which was then replaced by the inscription. In 1991, near the emblem there was a small letter indicating the place of manufacture of coins (Leningrad or Moscow).
After the reform of 1961 the appeal was again the big coin - 50 kopeks and 1 ruble, abolished in the late 20's. Now they were made of copper-Nickel alloy (like 10, 15 and 20 cents). Coins 1961 have a smooth edge, which was then replaced by the inscription... (read more)


Coins of the USSR state Bank (
Coins of the USSR state Bank ("coins putsch")

In 1991, in connection with rising inflation, together with coins of the sample of 1961 put into circulation new coins of the USSR state Bank in denominations of 10 kopecks and 50 kopecks and 1, 5 and 10 rubles. For the first time, was issued a coin of a bimetal (a circle from brass, the ring of copper-Nickel alloy). Coins of the USSR of the sample of 1991 has gone down in history as "coins putsch" because it was introduced during the complex political events of 1991, but by the August events have no relationship.
In 1991, in connection with rising inflation, together with coins of the sample of 1961 put into circulation new coins of the USSR state Bank in denominations of 10 kopecks and 50 kopecks and 1, 5 and 10 rubles. For the first time, was issued a coin of a ... (read more)


Commemorative and jubilee coins


Jubilee and commemorative coins of the USSR of base metal
Jubilee and commemorative coins of the USSR of base metal

Since 1965, the USSR produced coinage commemorative copper-Nickel coins dedicated to various events. Coins were issued in three types: normal quality, proof quality and uncirculated. Commemorative coin of ordinary quality came into circulation, the rest can be bought in souvenir shops, at events, etc. In 1991 he published a series of coins quality proof, dedicated to the Olympic games in Barcelona. In addition, in 1991, began production of bimetallic coins of the series "the Red book", which was produced in 1994.
Since 1965, the USSR produced coinage commemorative copper-Nickel coins dedicated to various events. Coins were issued in three types: normal quality, proof quality and uncirculated. Commemorative coin of ordinary quality came into circulation, the rest c... (read more)


Anniversary and memorable silver coins
Anniversary and memorable silver coins

From 1977 to 1980, produced a series of Olympic silver collector coins denomination of 5 and 10 rubles. Each coin was dedicated to a certain sport or one of the capitals of the Soviet republics. Since 1988, the issue of silver coins was continued. These coins into circulation have been reported and were mainly for export. Commemorative coins were accepted in any store at face value.
From 1977 to 1980, produced a series of Olympic silver collector coins denomination of 5 and 10 rubles. Each coin was dedicated to a certain sport or one of the capitals of the Soviet republics. Since 1988, the issue of silver coins was continued. These c... (read more)


Commemorative gold coins
Commemorative gold coins

Since 1977, the USSR produced minting commemorative gold coins dedicated to various events. These coins into circulation have been reported and were mainly for export. Commemorative coins were accepted in any store at face value.
Since 1977, the USSR produced minting commemorative gold coins dedicated to various events. These coins into circulation have been reported and were mainly for export. Commemorative coins were accepted in any store at face value.


Jubilee and commemorative palladium coins
Jubilee and commemorative palladium coins

Since 1988, the USSR produced minting jubilee and commemorative palladium coins commemorating different events. These coins into circulation have been reported and were mainly for export. Commemorative coins were accepted in any store at face value.
Since 1988, the USSR produced minting jubilee and commemorative palladium coins commemorating different events. These coins into circulation have been reported and were mainly for export. Commemorative coins were accepted in any store at face value.


Jubilee and commemorative platinum coins
Jubilee and commemorative platinum coins

Since 1977, the USSR produced coinage commemorative platinum coins dedicated to various events. These coins into circulation have been reported and were mainly for export. Commemorative coins were accepted in any store at face value.
Since 1977, the USSR produced coinage commemorative platinum coins dedicated to various events. These coins into circulation have been reported and were mainly for export. Commemorative coins were accepted in any store at face value.


Other


Gold coins
Gold coins

The chervonets was introduced by the Soviet government in the reform of 1922-1924 years as a currency tied to gold. Coins were mainly used in foreign trade operations, and among the population went to paper cups. Chasing was made in 1923-1926 years, after which the bulk (especially 1925) went to the smelter. The coins of this period are known with the date "1923" and "1925".
From 1975 to 1982 the state Bank of the USSR produced massive novodel minting of coins, repeating the design in 1923, but with the new date and designation of the mint on the edge (instead of the initials of mintmaster). Since 2001, these coins are used as investment banks and are implemented at a special price. To take back to the Bank coins can be roughly a loss of 30% of the original value.
The chervonets was introduced by the Soviet government in the reform of 1922-1924 years as a currency tied to gold. Coins were mainly used in foreign trade operations, and among the population went to paper cups. Chasing was made in 1923-1926 years, after... (read more)


Proof coins
Proof coins

In the years of Soviet power (especially before the currency reform of 1961) continued the search for the most successful version of the design of the coins. So history remained a few tens of samples, it is now considered rarities. Currently, due to the increase in the number of collectors is a huge number of copies of test coins that can be freely purchased in numismatic stores. And invented a new species that never existed.
In the preparation of this section benefited from the book by A. I. Fedorin "Coins of the Soviet country".
In the years of Soviet power (especially before the currency reform of 1961) continued the search for the most successful version of the design of the coins. So history remained a few tens of samples, it is now considered rarities. Currently, due to the i... (read more)


Other

Cooperative and local coins 1918-1922
Cooperative and local coins 1918-1922

During the Civil war and during the formation of the Soviet state, in addition to numerous series of local and regional paper money, were issued and coins of various organizations listed on their nominal value. Among them: Armavir 1, 3 and 5 rubles, Kiev booms organisation "Reason and conscience" with the denomination in pounds bread bonds "Petrograd saddle leather suitcase factory", as well as the Central Asian and Caucasian issues.
During the Civil war and during the formation of the Soviet state, in addition to numerous series of local and regional paper money, were issued and coins of various organizations listed on their nominal value. Among them: Armavir 1, 3 and 5 rubles, Kiev ... (read more)


Coins Arktikugol (1946)
Coins Arktikugol (1946)

Trust "Arktikugol", located on the Norwegian Islands of Svalbard, was founded by the Soviet government in 1931. On this site are special of money, exchanged for rubles at a special rate. 1946 Moscow mint began to mint coins denominated in cents (10, 15, 20 and 50). Regardless of the year of issue, all coins contains the date "1946".
Trust "Arktikugol", located on the Norwegian Islands of Svalbard, was founded by the Soviet government in 1931. On this site are special of money, exchanged for rubles at a special rate. 1946 Moscow mint began to mint coins denominated in cents (10, 15, 2... (read more)


Related products of Goznak (kits, badges)


Coin sets
Coin sets "Goznak USSR"

Since 1965, in the mints for collectors issued a special coin sets of improved quality. There are annual sets 1957, 1961-1991, some produced by different yards and in different packaging (soft and hard). In addition, there are some commemorative sets (for example, "50 years of Soviet rule"). Packaging in sets of 1962 and beyond (except Olympic) came with a badge mint, confirming the authenticity of the set. Recently became widespread artisanal production of sets of tokens of low quality coinage (the coins are real).
Since 1965, in the mints for collectors issued a special coin sets of improved quality. There are annual sets 1957, 1961-1991, some produced by different yards and in different packaging (soft and hard). In addition, there are some commemorative sets (for... (read more)


Tokens for coin sets of the Soviet Union
Tokens for coin sets of the Soviet Union

In the annual coin sets superior quality since 1962, and also in the set of the series "50 years of Soviet rule", except the coins invested special badges indicating the authenticity of the set. Collecting these tokens is a separate direction, are regularly discovered new species, compiled directories, articles are written.
In the annual coin sets superior quality since 1962, and also in the set of the series "50 years of Soviet rule", except the coins invested special badges indicating the authenticity of the set. Collecting these tokens is a separate direction, are regular... (read more)


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