The coin is issued for the Summer Olympic games in Moscow in 1980. Total circulation - 345008 PCs (118353 quality brilliant uncirculated, the rest Uncirculated). Coinage was only produced at the Leningrad mint.
The obverse of the coin is divided into two parts (upper approximately in 2 times more low). Each piece is framed with a solid line. In the upper part of the emblem of the USSR of the sample of 1956 with 15 bands of the tape (number of republics). The coat of arms is simplified and has no inscriptions on the ribbon. Left and right of the emblem there is an inscription "СССР" divided into two parts ("СС"and "СР". The letters are arranged in a semicircle, skirting the crest. At the bottom of the obverse in the middle is the denomination - a large numeral "5" under it, in smaller font the word "РУБЛЕЙ"
In the foreground of the reverse shows a runner under it is a stylized treadmill. In the background: the stadium "Luzhniki" in Moscow, at the top - MSU, and to his left - the emblem of Olympiad-80. In the left part of the coin near Kant horizontally marked the year of minting coins - 1978. Over the images at the top along the rim, a semicircular inscription stretches "ИГРЫ XXII ОЛИМПИАДЫ" and stylized treadmill - along the rim inscriptions "МОСКВА"and "1980", separated by a dot. Above the letter "С"there is a mint mark - LMD (Leningrad).
On the front and back parts of the coin along the circumference has a raised rim.
Races were held in Ancient Greece, the first Olympic games. At that time, races were only for short distances. Now competitions are held at distances of 100 m long, 400 m, 1000 m, 5000 m, 10000 m, and others. The most spectacular is a marathon (about 42 km) which runners complete the last day of the Olympics, and the awarding ceremony is arranged at the closing ceremony. According to legend, the marathon originated from the ancient times, when one of the messengers ran the distance from Marathon to Athens (a little less than 40 km), to report the victory.