Russian money

Grand Duchy of Moscow (XIV-XVI century)

The Moscow Principality was formed in the mid-thirteenth century, but initially it was a specific part of the Grand Principality of Vladimir. Under Dmitry Donskoy, the territory gets independence and becomes an equal among the other Great principalities. Gradually join the neighboring territory, and after the victory over the Tatar-Mongols for several decades to Moscow depart all Russian lands. When Ivan IV the terrible, the Grand Duchy of Moscow became known as the Russian government.
Moscow's first coins, minted during the rule of Dmitry Donskoy, had a Tatar inscriptions. In the future, these inscriptions are inferior to Russian and lose all meaning. Under Basil Dark they all become indistinct and accommodated coins only as imitations.


The coins presented in the photos are in the collections of their owners and are not sold

Dmitry Ivanovich Donskoy (1362-1389)
Dmitry Ivanovich Donskoy (1362-1389)

Ascended the throne in 1359, when he was only 9 years old. Dmitry Donskoy was celebrated for his victory in the battle of Kulikovo in 1380, after which the pressure from the Golden Horde weakened. Also the Prince gave a start to the unification of lands around Moscow (included in their possessions the Principality of Vladimir) and built in Moscow the white-stone Kremlin (lasted until 1812). The Russian Orthodox Church canonized.
Coins of the reign of Dmitry Donskoy have Tatar inscriptions, indicating a close relationship of Russia with the Golden Horde.
Ascended the throne in 1359, when he was only 9 years old. Dmitry Donskoy was celebrated for his victory in the battle of Kulikovo in 1380, after which the pressure from the Golden Horde weakened. Also the Prince gave a start to the unification of lands a... (read more)


Vasily I Dmitrievich (1389-1425)
Vasily I Dmitrievich (1389-1425)

In 1382, a 10-year-old son of Dmitry Donskoy, Vasily was captured by the Mongols and held there for 4 years, until in 1386 he was not helped to escape to Moldavia. Metropolitan Cyprian on the road from Constantinople took Basil and brought it to Lithuania, where Lithuanian convinced the king to marry his daughter Sophia. In 1389, Basil becomes Grand Prince of Moscow and Vladimir. Despite the marriage with the daughter of the king, the relations with Lithuania has not developed and in 1408 was the first Standing on the Ugra, after which was signed the "perpetual peace".
By the end of the reign of Basil I was the annexation of Nizhny Novgorod and Murom Principality of Vologda, and other areas of North-Eastern Russia.
On the coins of Vasily Dmitrievich at the forefront of the Russian line, while Tatar remains only for decryption.
In 1382, a 10-year-old son of Dmitry Donskoy, Vasily was captured by the Mongols and held there for 4 years, until in 1386 he was not helped to escape to Moldavia. Metropolitan Cyprian on the road from Constantinople took Basil and brought it to Lithuania... (read more)


Vasily The Dark (1425-1462)
Vasily The Dark (1425-1462)

After the death of Basil I ascended the throne of his 10-year-old son Vasily II. Almost all of his reign is connected with the internecine wars within the Moscow Principality, several times the power passed to other princes. In 1446 the throne captured and Dmitry Shemyaka ordered the Basil dazzle, for which he became known as the dark one. After a year was able to regain the throne.
The result is the reign of Vasily the Dark was eliminated small fiefdoms created the basis for the further annexation of Novgorod, Pskov and North-Eastern principalities.
During the reign of Basil II there is a complete rejection of the Tatar inscriptions on the coins.
After the death of Basil I ascended the throne of his 10-year-old son Vasily II. Almost all of his reign is connected with the internecine wars within the Moscow Principality, several times the power passed to other princes. In 1446 the throne captured an... (read more)


Ivan III (1462-1505)
Ivan III (1462-1505)

Son of Vasily the Dark Ivan rules for 43 years, from 1450 was actually co-Emperor Basil the Dark. During the reign of the Moscow Principality there have been significant changes, was annexed a lot of land (including Novgorod). From 1478, the Prince began to wear the title of "Sovereign of All Russia". In 1480 after the famous standing on the Ugra Russia is completely freed from the Horde effect. Under Ivan III rebuilt and strengthened Moscow Kremlin, issued a code of law - a set of state laws. Almost completely stopped the coinage of fiefdoms. Cash trade is concentrated in Moscow, Tver and Novgorod.
Son of Vasily the Dark Ivan rules for 43 years, from 1450 was actually co-Emperor Basil the Dark. During the reign of the Moscow Principality there have been significant changes, was annexed a lot of land (including Novgorod). From 1478, the Prince began ... (read more)


Vasily Ivanovich (1505-1533)
Vasily Ivanovich (1505-1533)

Under Vasily III continued the unification of Russian lands around Moscow, and also considerably strengthened princely power. The nobles began to have fewer rights, was abolished Veche. In the foreign policy positions of Russia greatly strengthened, and Ivan for the first time in history became known as the king (although officially this title was given only Ivan the terrible in 1547).
Under Vasily III continued the unification of Russian lands around Moscow, and also considerably strengthened princely power. The nobles began to have fewer rights, was abolished Veche. In the foreign policy positions of Russia greatly strengthened, and I... (read more)


Ivan IV the terrible (pre-reform coins)
Ivan IV the terrible (pre-reform coins)

Ivan became the Grand Duke when he was only 3 years, so the government took over the mother Elena Glinskaya. With at 1535 1538 year, she conducted a monetary reform, which had been banned previously released coins and set the standards for coinage. Since that time, there are new denominations - penny (two money) and mite (poldini). In this section you will find information on pre-reform coins of Ivan the terrible (minted without new standards).
Ivan became the Grand Duke when he was only 3 years, so the government took over the mother Elena Glinskaya. With at 1535 1538 year, she conducted a monetary reform, which had been banned previously released coins and set the standards for coinage. Since ... (read more)


Moscow pools (the second floor. XV - early XVI century)
Moscow pools (the second floor. XV - early XVI century)

Copper pools are the first Russian copper coins. In the period of disunity was a minor amount (basic coin "Denga"). Per Deng gave 60 pools. There are also double and half pools. Presumably in the Moscow Principality coinage of copper coins was begun under Basil Dark.
Copper pools are the first Russian copper coins. In the period of disunity was a minor amount (basic coin "Denga"). Per Deng gave 60 pools. There are also double and half pools. Presumably in the Moscow Principality coinage of copper coins was begun under... (read more)


Coins without the name of Grand Prince Ivan III and Vasily Ivanovicha
Coins without the name of Grand Prince Ivan III and Vasily Ivanovicha

Here are the coins that do not have signatures of the Grand Duke.
Here are the coins that do not have signatures of the Grand Duke.


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