Russian money

The Grand Duchy of Tver (XV-XVI century)

Tver Principality emerged in 1247 as the specific in the Pereyaslavl-Zalessky. In 1382 Prince Mikhail Aleksandrovich received the Horde shortcut to a great reign, after which the Principality became independent and quickly rose among others. Being between the Novgorod land and the Moscow Principality of Tver have repeatedly fought with them, and entered into military alliances.
Tver coins known from the beginning of the XV century. In 1485, Tver was annexed by Moscow but coinage on the old model lasted until the reform Elena Glinsky 1535.


The coins presented in the photos are in the collections of their owners and are not sold

Ivan Mikhailovich (1399-1425)
Ivan Mikhailovich (1399-1425)

In the year 1400, the son of the Grand Prince of Tver Mikhail Aleksandrovich Ivan got in the Golden Horde a label to reign, though actually the rules with 1399. His name is associated with the beginning of coinage of the Tver coins.
In the year 1400, the son of the Grand Prince of Tver Mikhail Aleksandrovich Ivan got in the Golden Horde a label to reign, though actually the rules with 1399. His name is associated with the beginning of coinage of the Tver coins.


Boris Alexandrovich (1425-1461)
Boris Alexandrovich (1425-1461)

In the same year, when in Tver ascended the throne, Prince Boris, in Moscow, and power passed to a young Basil II, for which many decisions were made by the Lithuanian Prince Vitovt. This allowed Boris to try to weaken Muscovy, allying with Lithuania. However, after the death of Vytautas in 1430, Lithuania had already lost its power. In Moscow started a feudal war and the pressure on the weakened Tver.
In the same year, when in Tver ascended the throne, Prince Boris, in Moscow, and power passed to a young Basil II, for which many decisions were made by the Lithuanian Prince Vitovt. This allowed Boris to try to weaken Muscovy, allying with Lithuania. How... (read more)


Mikhail Borisovich (1461-1485)
Mikhail Borisovich (1461-1485)

Latest Tver Prince Michael initially sought to swear allegiance to Lithuania, but because of its weakening as the result of feuds entered into an Alliance with Moscow. The internal contradictions in the Principality and personal difficulties, Michael was led to the fact that in 1485 the Moscow Prince Ivan III sent an army to Tver. Michael surrendered, but formally remained the ruler a few months, while the nobles went over to the side of Moscow.
Under Mikhail Borisovich began minting copper coins of low denominations - pools.
Latest Tver Prince Michael initially sought to swear allegiance to Lithuania, but because of its weakening as the result of feuds entered into an Alliance with Moscow. The internal contradictions in the Principality and personal difficulties, Michael was ... (read more)


Pools of Ivan Ivanovich (1486-1490) and Vasily (after 1490)
Pools of Ivan Ivanovich (1486-1490) and Vasily (after 1490)

Presented here copper coins were minted in the period when the Principality of Tver was given to Moscow.
Presented here copper coins were minted in the period when the Principality of Tver was given to Moscow.


Tver pools without the name of the Grand Duke
Tver pools without the name of the Grand Duke

Here are the copper coins, having the signature of the Grand Duke. Their size and weight is very different, making it possible to draw a conclusion about the absence of standards of minting copper coins.
Here are the copper coins, having the signature of the Grand Duke. Their size and weight is very different, making it possible to draw a conclusion about the absence of standards of minting copper coins.


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Translated from the russian language service "Yandex.Translator» - translate.yandex.ru

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